Mohenjo-daro, also known as “Mound of the Dead,” is an ancient city located in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. It was one of the most developed cities of the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the region from 2500 BCE to 1900 BCE.
The city of Mohenjo-daro was built around 2500 BCE and was abandoned around 1900 BCE. It was a planned city, with a grid-like layout and a sophisticated system of drainage and sanitation. The city was divided into two main areas: the Citadel, which housed the elite, and the Lower City, where the majority of the population lived.
History of Mohenjo-daro
One of the most impressive features of Mohenjo-daro was its elaborate buildings, which were made of baked brick. The Great Bath, which was used for ritual bathing, is one of the best-preserved structures at the site. It is a large, rectangular pool with a depth of 2.4 meters, surrounded by a series of rooms and corridors. The Great Bath was likely used for religious ceremonies and may have had a therapeutic function as well.
The Indus Valley Civilization is known for its advanced system of writing, which has not yet been fully deciphered. At Mohenjo-daro, archaeologists have found seals and tablets with inscriptions that may represent a form of writing, as well as objects made of bronze and copper.
Mohenjo-daro is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an important site for the study of ancient South Asian history and culture. It offers a unique glimpse into the life and culture of the Indus Valley Civilization, which was one of the most advanced civilizations of its time. Today, the site is open to tourists, who can explore the remains of the ancient city and learn about its fascinating history. This is a beautiful place to visit and enjoy yourselves.